When John and Gail Underwood stumbled upon their dream property near Hope in 1965 they knew the forested acreage was a special place. Now permanently protected by a conservation agreement with KLT, it will always serve as a working forest while providing homes to animals large and small. The unmistakable rectangular holes drilled into the trunks of mature trees on the Underwood property are evidence of one such animal, the largest woodpecker in North America: the Pileated Woodpecker. This fantastical looking bird serves a crucial function in our woodland ecosystems because so many other animals depend upon its excavated tree cavities for food and shelter. We are grateful to John Underwood for ensuring that his land will be a space for woodsmen and woodpeckers to continue to co-exist.